The University of Illinois is a leading, public, research-intensive university system in the United States of America comprised of three campuses, namely Urbana-Champaign, Chicago and Springfield. The Urbana-Champaign campus (UIUC), which is the oldest, was established in 1867 and is considered as one of the most prominent academic institutions in the US, especially in the fields of engineering, agricultural studies and accounting. It has been consistently ranked among the best US universities in the lists of US News & World Report and the Academic Ranking of World Universities and is regarded as part of the Public Ivy system, along with other major public US universities, such as the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Michigan. The Chicago campus (UIC) which also holds remarkable positions in international rankings, operates the largest medical school in the US and was incorporated into the University of Illinois system in 1913, while its College of Pharmacy has been operating since 1859. The Springfield campus (UIS) is the newest member of the system and was established in 1970.
UIUC boasts the largest public university library in the US, with more than 12 million volumes. It also hosts the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), which created Mosaic in 1993, the first graphical Web browser, the foundation upon which Microsoft Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox are based.
There are currently more than 70,000 undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in all three campuses, making the University of Illinois system student body one of the largest in the US. Ιts alumni base is the largest internationally, exceeding 600,000 members. Among them are 11 Nobel laureates [such as John Robert Schrieffer (Nobel prize in Physics, 1972), Phillip Sharp (Nobel prize in Medicine, 1993)], 17 Pulitzer Prize winners [such as Barry Bearak (Pulitzer prize in International Reporting, 2002)] and many CEOs [such as Jack Welch (former CEO of General Electric), Jim Cantalupo (former CEO of McDonald’s), Jon Corzine (former CEO of Goldman Sachs), Steve Chen & Jawed Karim (co-founders of YouTube)].